Convinced by reports of the existence of a distant overseas island where the inhabitants were immortal, he commissioned a naval expedition to set sail in search of it like the thousands of laborers dispatched to the Great Wall, these sailors never returned. Classical Chinese was used to write the Hunmin Jeongeum proclamation in which the modern Korean alphabet hangul was promulgated and the essay by Hu Shi in which he argued against using Classical Chinese and in favor of written vernacular Chinese.
The Shi were the gentry scholars in the time of ancient Zhou and Shang dynasties. Similar distinctions emerged between civilian and military sectors of the government. As the Han administration grew more confident of its authority, it imposed additional laws to weaken the dynasties of the feudal states.
Typically their size was reduced to a radius of two or three communities. Given their landed wealth gentry families tended to produce numerous children per familymany times more than the peasant families beneath them per family.
Like the nobility the gentry class relied on lineage groups to provide security in turbulent times.
Most Chinese people with at least a middle school education are able to read basic Classical Chinese, because the ability to read but not write Classical Chinese is part of the Chinese middle school and high school curricula and is part of the college entrance examination.
Palace intrigue among the most powerful families continued to plague the regime, along with munities in the army, and widespread peasant rebellions such as the rebellion of the Red Eyebrows at the time of the Wang usurpation and that of the Yellow Turbans in AD.
Considerable debate raged at the court regarding the most suitable policy for dealing with the Hsiung Nu. Shi Next in line was the class that was known as the Shi. In 1 AD, for example, the census recorded 12, households and 57, inhabitants in the Han empire.
Some gentry clans claimed descent from ancient families, but this was no longer a prerequisite. When he died while journeying in the eastern provinces in BC, the hundreds of soldiers and officials that attend his imperial cortege marched across the entire length of China to Hsien Yang completely unaware of his demise.
Their dependency on networks in the imperial government for political patronage and economic advancement gave the gentry a vested interest in preserving the status quo. Instead of noble versus commoner, class distinctions under the Han dynasty became decidedly that of the educated elites versus the ordinary masses.
On the news of his death, the empire was wracked by uprisings in every quarter. For now it suffices to note that reliable information about the outside world began to replace the exaggerated accounts of traders and travelers and placed the Han dynasty on more solid footing in its dealings with the outside world.
This insured that only elements from the gentry could compete for political office and essentially eliminated the possibility of upward mobility from the lower classes.Transcript of The societies of classical India and classical China were bo.
The societies of classical India and classical China were both very similar. For example, both had hierarchical societies, with very sharp differences between those ranks.
But the bottom line is that both India and China found a social structure that worked for. In ancient China it is the servants and the slaves. Links: peasants social structure This page was edited by Desiree and Jocelyn (Teacher: T.
Moore) using Web Poster Wizard. Classical India and China were among one of the oldest and most fascinating civilizations that have existed during the Classical period in B.C.E B.C.E. As both civilizations developed, they both showed significant uniqueness.
We will write a custom essay sample on Similarities and Differences of China and India specifically for. Ancient China's Social Structure Quiz study guide by Kristopher_Wojtunik includes 7 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. China 1 World Civilizations: China I. China in the Classical Period: b.c.e – c.e.
which remained popular throughout China’s history - Manor System supported agricultural communities D. Continuities throughout all of Classical China - Patriarchal Families Important People: Shi Huangdi. Classical Chinese Civilization.
SIDEBAR. Chronology Of Classical Chinese Dynasties.
The history of Ancient China runs parallel to that of the rest of the Classical world system. Early hominids arrived in the region by BP; Paleolithic habitation has been recorded by BP; and numerous Neolithic settlements are on record by .Download